Tuesday, March 12, 2013

SAAB Draken in Finnish Air Force and some other interesting material about Draken and it's armaments.

Receiving the aircraft and modifications


Draken in Keski-Suomen ilmailumuseo
Finnish Air Force would have liked to buy Drakens over the MiG-21 in 1961, but political and economic reasons prevented the Draken purchase to 1970.
Drakens were bought in multiple series during a time period of more than a decade. First aircraft from Sweden were received in 1972 (BS series trainers fighters), Finnish built XS series started to operate from 1974 and used Swedish F1's (FS in Finnish service) were received 1984. Finland also operated CS series trainers. Exact date for each aircraft received is in the end of the article.
The aircraft served until 2000 and went through multiple upgrades. These included upgrades in electronics and additional missile rails. The aircraft were also tested with Soviet R-13M missiles. The navigation avionics were changed twice in the first aircraft as the initial choice (different than Swedish) was found unsuitable, the FS-series from 1984 only got the latter Finnish navigation avionics.

Models:


Saab 35BS

These are modified and used Swedish Saab 35B aircraft. The main modification from the Swedish version is the lack of the search radar and thus the aircraft used only Sidewinder (RB24/RB4S) missiles. Also navigation avionics were changed.

Saab 35CS

These are modified and used Swedish Saab 35C aircraft. The Finnish modification is the change of navigation avionics. These are unarmed two seated trainers.

Valmet/Saab 35S/XS

These are basically Swedish Saab 35F2 aircraft assembled by Valmet from kits, with different navigation avionics. In Finland these are 35S, as the X means export for the Swedish. The confusion about number of cannons in the aircraft are most likely from the basic Swedish export design with two cannons, but all Finnish sources say that it has only single cannon.
Chaff/flare thrower in 35S
Visible modifications to the aircraft were additional missile rails (G-beams), similar to Saab 35J, installed in mid/late 1980's (operational 1990's), and chaff/flare throwers installation started on 1993. Sequence of chaff/flare is set before flight and thrower is operated manually and the system was bought from Philips.
Soviet sourced missiles were tested on these aircraft, including at least R-13M.


Saab 35FS

These are used Swedish Saab 35F1 aircraft. First series of these were bought in mid 1970's and second series 1980's. These aircraft got the same extra missile rails, datalink, radar, and R-13M modifications as XS series. The second series got the modifications basically immediately. FS series didn't get chaff/flare throwers.

Equipment:


Missiles used in Draken


RB27 AF
Sweden bought license to produce Sidewinder and Falcon missiles for its aircraft. These missiles were also used in Draken. The availability of missile armament for Draken caused some problems for Finland as Sweden needed permission from USA to sell them. The permission was granted and Finland was able to buy Drakens.
The Swedish missiles are designation was originally three numbered (for example 324, 327, and 328) the leading 3 meant guided missiles. This was dropped quite soon after introducing Falcons in Swedish armory.

Designation
FinSwUSAnotes
Rb324AIM-9Bold designation in Sweden, available from 1963
Rb24BRb24AIM-9BAvailable in Finland with first BS Drakens, Sipri database mentions that these would have been AIM-9E, but there is no other evidence of this.
Rb4SRb24JAIM-9J/P2/3Available to Finland from 1987, Sweden 78, Sweden also builds P5 for Austria, so Rb24 missiles might be updated to that standard, conflicting data about correct USA version. Low-smoke motor confirmed from start on.
Rb328AIM-4Calso known GAR-2B / HM-58 (old Swedish designation), used from 1965
Rb8SRb28AIM-4Dnewer Swedish designation, seeker was upgraded to AIM-4D standard claims on being later modified to better than AIM-4H in Sweden not supported by Finnish ground crew handling manuals from 1990.
Rb327AIM-26BGAR-11A, HM-55 (old Swedish designation), used from 1965
Rb7SRb27AIM-26Bnew Swedish designation
Rb27S?Hawée 1 updated missile (my guestimate) ECCM upgrade
Rb27S AF?Hawée 2 updated missile (my guestimate)new minimum height 50m, snap up/down capability
R-13MSoviet missile, which could be used instead of Rb24B/Rb4S in Finnish Drakens
R-13M in Draken

Datalink

Sweden uses its own STRIL-datalink, which was removed from the aircraft before delivered to Finland. Finnish air force developed its own datalink for Drakens. The installation of the first version started 1988. The datalink provided information to the displays in the aircraft, including text commands and target data. Version with absolute location data for targets was developed by 1992.

Radar

The XS model had Swedish UAP13104 radar and FS model had UAP13105. Both radars were updated in Sweden starting from 1985. The second FS series had the updated radar when it received or got it in the initial Finnish update. There were two different radar updates. First one was the Swedish Hawée 1 to have better electronic warfare resistance capability. Second one was Hawée 2 to improve the look down/shoot down update to radar. Finnish aircraft received both upgrades as far as I know.

RWR

The fact that I couldn't find any information on the RWR on these aircraft puzzled me a lot. Finally I got an confirmation, that there wasn't any. Only Drakens with RWR were S 35E recce version, Danish Drakens, and Austrian version after modification. The standard practice in Sweden was to carry electronic warfare equipment in a pod, Finns did not have EW pods.


Tactics

Draken was designed in Sweden with usability from road bases in the mind. Finnish used the similar road base tactics. The pilot training in Sweden also incorporated dogfight and wing men, which was removed from Finnish combat pilot training with the purchase of MiG-21 along with use of wing men. Both of these practices were returned to Finnish fighter tactics with Drakens.
The ability to quick refuel and rearming of the aircraft (10 minutes quoted) was also taken into good use in tactics.


Units operating with SAAB 35 Draken


Fighter Squadron 11 of Häme Air Command, later Lapland Air Command

Hävittäjälentolaivue 11 of Hämeen Lennosto, later Lapin Lennosto

This unit was first to receive Drakens as replacement for Gnats. The unit started its Draken operations with six SAAB 35BS training fighters, received 1972. These aircraft were leased from Sweden to prepare Finnish Air Force to operations with later XS series. Initial training for Drakens was provided by Swedish Air Force. The unit moved from Luonetjärvi to Rovaniemi in August 1973. Unit started to receive  35 XS series aircraft in 1974 and the parent unit was renamed to Lapin Lennosto / Lapland Air Command in December 6 1974.
The training continued after transfer and renaming with Swedish help and with own CS series trainer starting from 1976. The leased six BS training fighters were also bought at this time and six used FS series aircraft from Sweden were also bought. Until 1980's there was a lack of qualified pilots.
Unit operated from multiple bases in the north, including Ivalo, Kittilä, Oulu, and Pudasjärvi. Unit received some FS series and all CS series aircraft from Fighter Squadron 21 as it was receiving Hornets. Drakens in the Squadron 11 were replaced with Hornets and last Draken flight was 16.8.2000.

Fighter Squadron 21 of Satakunta Air Command
Hävittäjälentolaivue 21 of Satakunnan Lennosto


This unit, operating from South West Finland, lacked combat aircraft from 1958, when Vampires were retired from the unit. Since that the unit operated with Fougas and later with Hawks. After relocating from Pori to Tampere the unit received used and refurbished Swedish 35FS aircraft starting from December 1984. Unit also had some CS series trainers.
Pilot training was done in co-operation with Lapland Air Command and the unit gained operational alert duty capability with Drakens in early 1986, and full operational status in 1987.
The unit operated with Drakens until Hornets replaced them, last flight of Draken in the unit being November 1995.

Flight Test Center
Koelentue


Surprise, surprise. Flight Test Center also operated with Drakens. The main "usage" of Draken was testing of modified / repaired aircraft.



Harpoon:


Annex B:


Saab 35BSTraining Fighter
Man Rtng: 3.0/1.5Damage Value: 19
Size/Signature: Small/SmallBombsight: Manual
Sensors:
Throttle Setting(Speed in knots)
AltitudeCruiseFull MilReheat
Low:500550740
Med:500580915
High:5006801090
Ceiling: 13000 mEngine Type: TJ
Cruise Range: 665 nmInternal Fuel: 1790 kg
Additional FuelFuel WtRange Add
530 L drop tank425 kg160 nm
Ordnance Loadouts:Payload: 1560 kg
Off Guns: 2 Aden 30mm w/150 rpg (3.0)
• 530 L drop tank, 2 Rb 24B/4S
• 530 L drop tank
Remarks: In Service: 1972 - 95
Day only training fighter. Export J 35B with radar removed. Flown by HävLLv 11.
Maximum 6 in use at one time.
• no other loads used regularly in Finland.


Saab 35CSTrainer
Man Rtng: 3.0/1.5Damage Value: 19
Size/Signature: Small/SmallBombsight: Manual
Sensors:
Throttle Setting(Speed in knots)
AltitudeCruiseFullMilReheat
Low:500550740
Med:500580915
High:5006801090
Ceiling: 13000 mEngine Type: TJ
Cruise Range: 665 nmInternal Fuel: 1790 kg
Additional FuelFuel WtRange Add
530 L drop tank425 kg160 nm
Ordnance Loadouts:Payload: 1560 kg
Off Guns: ()
• 530 L drop tank
Remarks: In Service: 1976 - 2000

Saab 35XSFighter
Man Rtng: 3.5/1.5Damage Value: 20
Size/Signature: Small/SmallBombsight: Manual
Sensors: UAP 13104 radar (PS-01/A or PS-011/A part of UAP 13 series), 1st Gen IRST
Throttle Setting(Speed in knots)
Altitude CruiseFull MilReheat
Low:500590793
Med:500624970
High:5007251147
Ceiling: 15000 mEngine Type: TJ
Cruise Range: 850 nmInternal Fuel: 2290 kg
Additional FuelFuel Wt.Range Add.
530 L drop tank425 kg160 nm
1275 L drop tank1020 kg380 nm
Ordnance Loadouts:Payload: 2050 kg
Off Guns: One Aden 30mm (1.5)
• 4 Rb 24B/4S/27S AF/27S/7S/8S on any suitable combination (Only one type of radar guided missiles)
• 2 1275 L drop tanks and 2 Rb 24B/4/27S AF/27S/7S/8S on any suitable combination (Tanks always Load 2)
• 2 530 L drop tanks and 2 Rb 24B/4/27S AF/27S/7S/8S on any suitable combination
Remarks: In Service: 1974 - 2000
Flown by HävLLv 11 at Rovaniemi.
• 1977: 1275 L tanks removed from use due to the handling problems
• 1985: Radar upgrades started (Hawée I & Hawée II) (includes availability of 27S and 27S AF missiles)
• only one type of RB 7S, RB 27S, or RB 27S AF can be carried at the same time.
• 1988: Datalink installations started
• mid/late 80's: add 2 HP under intakes – add 2 RB 24B/4S to all loadouts, maximum 4 RB 24B/4S still.
• late 80's: R-13M capability added, can be used instead of Rb 24B/4S
• starting from 1993: fitted with 2nd Gen D
• 1992: Datalink update


Saab 35FSFighter
Man Rtng: 3.5/1.5Damage Value: 20
Size/Signature: Small/SmallBombsight: Manual
Sensors: UAP 13105 radar (PS-01/A or PS-011/A part of UAP 13 series)
Throttle Setting(Speed in knots)
AltitudeCruiseFull MilReheat
Low:500590793
Med:500624970
High:5007251147
Ceiling: 15000 mEngine Type: TJ
Cruise Range: 850 nmInternal Fuel: 2290 kg
Additional FuelFuel Wt.Range Add.
530 L drop tank425 kg160 nm
Ordnance Loadouts:Payload: 2050 kg
Off Guns: One Aden 30mm (1.5)
• 4 Rb 24B/4S/27S AF/27S/7S/8S on any suitable combination (only one type of radar guided missiles at the same time)
• 2 530 L drop tanks and 2 Rb 24B/4/27S AF/27S/7S/8S on any suitable combination
Remarks: In Service: 1976 - 1999
Flown by HävLLv 11 at Rovaniemi and 21 at Tampere.
• 1985: Radar upgrades started (Hawée I and Hawée II) (includes availability of 27S and 27S AF missiles)
• only one type of RB 7S, RB 27S, or RB 27S AF can be carried at the same time.
• 1988: Datalink installations started
• mid/late 80's: add 2 HP under intakes – add 2 RB 24B/4S to all loadouts, maximum 4 RB 24B/4S still.
• late 80's: R-13M capability added, can be used instead of Rb 24B/4S
• 1992: Datalink update


Annex G1:

CountryNameRangeWtwarheadDPIOCremarks
SwedenM70 rocket GP1.7463.71.7General Purpose (GP), which with a fuze weighs 21 kg and contains a 3.7 kg charge
SwedenM70 rocket AP1.74551.8AP/fragmentation which weighs 20 kg and contains a 5 kg charge
SwedenM57 rocket podM57 19 x 75mm anti-aircraft rockets

DP calculated using Naval SITREP Issue #30 and assuming TNT equivalent 1.2 and missile.

Annex G2:

CountryNamegenwtIOCremarks
FinlandDraken datalink----1988Datalink for Drakens, displays situation data and commands for pilot
FinlandDraken datalink upg----1992Upgraded datalink for Drakens, target data is absolute.


Annex H:
RB8S in Draken

Changes and additions to the H4.1 data annex

CountryNameGuidancegenATARngWtSpeedaspdogsnapIOCremarks
SwedenRb 24JIRH24.59.6811434WYN1978AIM-9P (sub version evolves during production)
SwedenRb 328IRH12.52.6611721NYN1960Swedish made AIM-4C (practically none made)
SwedenRb 28IRH23.52.6681721WYN1965Swedish made AIM-4D (upgrade of 328)
SwedenRb 28 modIRH242.6681721WYN1972faster launch sequence
SwedenRb 28 ultra modIRH24.54681721WYN"better than AIM-4H? My opinion: only rumors on the net
SwedenRb 27SARH335.21191147ANN1965Minimum height limitation 700m, USA AIM-26B
SwedenRb 27 Mod II SARH33.561191147A NY1982modified for Snap up / down for UAP 13 Hawée II radar, minimum height 50m, increased range (range guestimated)
SwedenRb 27 Mod ISARH33.55.21191147ANN1982modified for UAP 13 Hawée I radar, minimum height 700m, increased ECCM capability
USAAIM-26B FalconSARH335.21191147ANN1962Minimum height limitation 700m, GAR-11A

FinlandSwedenUSARemarks
RB24Rb 24AIM-9BSIPRI arms sale database claims Finland receiving AIM-9E
RB4SRb 24JAIM-9PP2,P3,P5 depends on time
RB7SRb 27AIM-26B
RB27SRb 27 Mod Iguess on order
RB27S AFRb 27 Mod IIguess on order
RB8SRb 28 Modguess based on time frame.

Annex L:
CountryNameuselargemediumsmallvsmallstealthyIOCremarks
SwedenUAP 13 seriesAI402720831962Includes PS-01/A, PS-011/A
SwedenUAP 13 series Hawée IAI402720831982improved ECCM modification
SwedenUAP 13 series Hawée IILD/SD402720831982improved ECCM+LD/SD+dogfight modification

Pilot quality:


    11st Squadron:
        Years 1972-73: mainly experienced (Swedish trained pilots)
        Years 1974-80: mainly competent
        Years 80->: Competent/Experienced
    21st Squadron:
        Years 1984-87: mainly competent
        Years 87->: Competent/Experienced


Individual aircraft histories:


BS-models


DK-202
Arrived in Finland 2.5.1972. Under maintenance 19.6.75-8.6.76, 8.8.78-20.6.79, 20.11.80-19.1.81, 7.8.71-20.5.82, 31.10.84-12.2.86 (incl modifications), 19.11.87-18.5.88,5.3-6.7.90, and 16.3.-25.5.92. Last flight 9.9.1993

DK-204
Arrived in Finland 2.5.1972. Under maintenance 27.12.77-20.6.78, 18.1.-11.4.79 (modifications), 13.4.-23.10.81, 10.4.84-5.7.85 (modifications), 21.8.87-21.4.88, 13.9.90-21.1.91, and 26.10.-22.12.92. Last flight 29.11.1994

DK-206 (old)
Arrived in Finland 10.5.1972. Caught fire during flight 18.1.74, removed from use.

DK-206 (new)
First flight in Finland 15.8.1984. Under maintenance 3.10.85-27.6.86, 22.12.88-3.5.89, 11.4.-14.8.91, and 10.9.-13.12.93. Last flight 6.10.1995.

DK-208
Arrived in Finland 25.5.1972. Under maintenance 5.1.-23.2.79 (modifications), 16.11.79-17.10.89, 29.11.82-27.5.83, 12.3.-16.4.84, 25.1.-16.5.85, 5.5.87-14.10.88 (modifications), 1.11.90-13.2.91, and 26.3.-22.6.93. Last flight 11.5.1995

DK-210
Arrived in Finland 13.6.1972. Under maintenance 16.5.77-29.12.78, 12.3-27.4.79 (modifications), 7.8.81-6.1.82, 24.8.-26.8.83, 12.3.84-15.3.85 (modifications), 26.6.87-27.1.88, 29.1.-8.6.90, 13.1.-10.4.92, and 26.10.93-11.1.94. Last flight 11.7.1995.

DK-212
Arrived in Finland 6.7.1972. Under maintenance 13.9.77-5.6.78, 15.8.-24.9.79, 19.12.80-1.7.81, 12.9.83-25.10.84 (modifications), 6.6.-21.11.86, and 14.3.-24.4.90. Last flight 26.9.1991.


CS-models


DK-262
Arrived in Finland 17.6.1976. Under maintenance 30.6.76-22.7.77 (modifications), 13.9.79-18.6.80, 8.7.83-19.10.84 (modifications), 14.5.86-16.1.87, 5.4.-9.5.88, 18.5.-2.11.89, 17.10.91-21.1.92, 7-23.6.93, 14.2.93-1.3.94, and 3.10.-18.12.95. Last flight 1.11.1999.

DK-264
Arrived in Finland 17.6.1976. Under maintenance 9.8.76-15.7.77 (modifications), 28.5.79-18.6.80, 9.12.82-2.5.84 (modifications), 6.5.-14.11.85, 2-29.10.86, 16.6.-13.10.87, 5.12.89-6.6.90 (modifications), 27.4.-6.7.92, 1.10.-29.12.93, and 10-17.1.96. Last flight 27.6.1997.

DK-266
Arrived in Finland 28.4.1977. Under maintenance 20.10.77-23.4.78 (modifications), 21.5.-5.6.79 (modifications), 4.9.81-23.4.82, 20.1.84-22.2.85 (modifications), 15.9.86-2.6.87, 4.10.89-20.3.90 (modifications), 9.12.91-13.3.92, and 25.2.-6.6.94. Last flight 30.6.1998.

DK-268
Arrived in Finland 14.6.1984. Under maintenance 10.10.84-2.4.86 (modifications), 16.1.-6.7.87, 23.1.-15.8.89 (modifications), 22.5.-10.9.92, and 13.6.-13.9.94. Last flight 18.11.1998.

DK-270
Arrived in Finland 14.6.1984. Under maintenance 4.9.84-20.9.85 (modifications), 28.10.85-29.4.86, 22.10.87-5.4.88, 22.3.-28.9.90, 4.1.-17.3.93, 14.11.94-21.2.95, and 15.9.97-19.1.98. Last flight 23.8.2000.


FS-models


DK-225
Arrived in Finland 14.12.1984. Under maintenance 4.3.85-9.5.86 (modifications), 27.8.87-6.6.88, 23.10.89-23.2.90, 24.9.-14.12.92, 6.5.-1.9.94, and 27.5.-23.9.96. Last flight 21.9.1998.

DK-227
Arrived in Finland 20.3.1986. Under maintenance 21.11.86-14.10.87 (modifications), 15.6.88-2.2.89, 19.11.90-26.4.91, 17.11.92-26.2.93, and 26.8.-14.11.94. Last flight 28.6.1996.

DK-229
Arrived in Finland 3.2.1986. Under maintenance 14.5.86-19.3.87 (modifications), 27.6.88-30.5.89 (modifications), 30.4.-21.8.91, 12.3.-9.6.93, and 13.12.94-17.3.95. Last flight 1.9.1997.

DK-231
Arrived in Finland 18.6.1986. Under maintenance 30.10.86-28.1.88 (modifications), 13.4.-15.9.89, 23.9.-18.12.91, 12.11.93-14.2.94, and 5.9.-10.11.95. Crashed and destroyed 14.11.1995.

DK-233
Arrived in Finland 11.9.1985. Under maintenance 14.2.-31.12.86 (modifications), 8.1.-31.10.88 (modifications), 15.1.-10.4.90, 18.5.-24.9.92 (modifications), 17.6.-26.10.94, and 29.11.96-28.2.97. Last flight 29.3.1999.

DK-235
Arrived in Finland 27.8.1986. Under maintenance 1.9.86-14.1.88 (modifications), 3.5.-5.10.89, 18.11.91-19.2.92, 4.8.-10.11.93, 30.1.-11.5.95, and 3.3.-14.5.97. Last flight 6.4.1999.

DK-237
Arrived in Finland 15.11.1985. Under maintenance 17.6.86-9.4.87 (modifications), 18.4.88-20.3.89 (modifications), 1.10.90-21.1.91, 8.6.-16.9.92, and 24.1.-6.5.94. Last flight 16.11.1995.

DK-239
Arrived in Finland 11.6.1985. Under maintenance 10.9.85-30.10.86 (modifications), 30.10.87-23.6.88 (modifications), 8.8.-22.12.89, 16.8.-21.11.91, 16.6.-22.10.93, 3.4.-30.6.95, and 21.1.-17.4.97. Last flight 5.8.1999.

DK-241
Arrived in Finland 13.11.1986. Under maintenance 3.12.86-13.4.88 (modifications), 21.6.-23.11.89, 19.6.-17.12.91 (modifications), 22.2.-29.4.94, 21.11.95-8.3.96, and 17.10.97-11.2.98. Last flight 23.8.2000.

DK-243
Arrived in Finland 22.3.1985. Under maintenance 27.6.85-4.9.86 (modifications), 25.3.87-2.3.88 (modifications), 15.8.-4.12.89, 1.8.-5.12.91, 23.4.-2.7.93, 19.1.-17.4.95, and 6.8.-1.10.97. Last flight 15.3.1999.

DK-245
Arrived in Finland 7.6.1985. Under maintenance 8.11.85-19.11.86 (modifications), 4.2.-21.11.88 (modifications), 25.6.-25.10.90, 14.10.-31.12.92, 28.3.-1.7.94, and 17.1.-24.4.96. Last flight 26.1.1999.

DK-247
Arrived in Finland 22.8.1986. Under maintenance 29.9.86-30.6.87 (modifications), 26.10.88-18.8.89 (modifications), 28.11.91-27.3.92, and 26.11.93-17.2.94. Last flight 12.9.1996.

DK-249
Arrived in Finland 3.2.1986. Under maintenance 7.1.-24.11.87 (modifications), 2.8.88-10.2.89, 15.10.90-2.4.91 (modifications), 4.8.-30.10.92, 3.8.-20.9.93, 12.9.-28.11.94, 4.11.-5.12.96. Last flight 1.10.1997.

DK-251
Arrived in Finland 10.9.1985. Under maintenance 8.4.86-9.3.87 (modifications), 30.12.88-17.10.89 (modifications), 4.2.-24.5.91, 4.1.-17.3.93, 4.11.94-17.2.95, and 3.12.96-21.1.97. Last flight 30.10.1997.

DK-253
Arrived in Finland 22.3.1985. Under maintenance 10.5.85-27.6.86 (modifications), 1.12.87-21.10.88 (modifications), 31.5.-12.10.90, 2.3.-18.6.92 (modifications), 9.3.-8.6.94, 25.10.95-29.1.96, and 1.12.97-11.3.98. Last flight 12.11.1999.

DK-255
Arrived in Finland 25.6.1986. Under maintenance 4.2.87-27.5.88 (modifications), 30.8.89-18.1.90, 23.5.-20.9.91, 23.4.-23.9.93, 17.2.-24.5.95, and 5.12.96-11.3.97. Last flight 13.1.1999.

DK-257
Arrived in Finland 14.12.1984. Under maintenance 10.1.85-8.5.86 (modifications), 18.8.-14.11.86 (modifications), 28.1.-3.2.87 (modifications), 29.4.-17.6.87 (modifications), 7.11.88-12.4.89, 22.1.-19.6.91, 21.12.92-6.4.93 (modifications), 21.10.94-25.1.95, and 30.7.-14.10.96. Last flight 25.8.1998.

DK-259
Arrived in Finland 8.11.1985. Under maintenance 8.8.86-24.6.87 (modifications), 18.8.88-12.5.89 (modifications), 4.12.90-18.3.91, 9.3.-18.5.93, 27.12.94-3.4.95, and 4.-15.5.95. Last flight 17.1.1997.

DK-261
Arrived in Finland 27.8.1976. Under maintenance 28.9.76-19.4.78 (modifications), 11.9.78-12.6.79, 6.4.-20.11.81, 14.4.-20.12.83 (modifications), 20.1.-4.7.86, 7.8.87-18.7.88, 22.11.89-22.2.90, 17.2.-15.5.92, and 17.9.-26.11.93. Last flight 6.3.1995

DK-263
Arrived in Finland 9.6.1977. Under maintenance 26.8.77-20.9.78 (modification), 1.11.78-28.6.79 (modification test flights), 15.8.79-25.1.80, 11.6.81-5.5.82 (modifications), 16.5.-28.12.83, 30.9.85-22.1.87 (modifications), 27.5.88-18.4.89 (modifications), 10.12.90-9.4.91, 4.9.-17.11.92, 1.8.-2.11.94, and 9.4.-5.7.96. Last flight 29.5.1998.

DK-265
Arrived in Finland 23.9.1977. Under maintenance 21.11.77-21.12.78 (modifications), 20.8.81-26.5.82 (modifications), 22.3.-6.7.84, 8.11.85-5.6.86, 3.6.87-15.7.88, 31.7.-20.11.90, 16.9.-16.11.92, and 13.9.94-2.1.95. Last flight 12.6.1997.

DK-267
Arrived in Finland 9.9.1977. Under maintenance 3.5.78-4.7.79 (modifications), 10.9.82-11.4.83 (modifications), 19.4.-2.9.85, 17.11.86-3.3.88, 15.5.-3.12.90, 2.8.-27.10.93, 12.6.-14.9.95, and 2.4.-9.7.97. Last flight 28.12.1999.

DK-269
Arrived in Finland 15.12.1977. Under maintenance 6.2.78-2.5.79 (modifications), 19.5.-5.12.80, 9.11.82-23.6.83 (modifications), 10.8.84-10.1.85, 24.6.86-30.6.87 (missile rail modifications), 31.5.88-14.6.89 (modifications), 20.5.-3.9.91, 20.8.-2.11.93, 28.4.-5.9.95, and 10.-16.9.96. Last flight 8.9.1998.

DK-271
Arrived in Finland 24.1.1978. Under maintenance 21.6.78-24.10.79 (modifications), 2.1-11.2.80, 8.10.81-27.8.82 (modifications), 15.6.-19.12.84, 15.4.86-3.6.87 (modifications), 17.10.89-3.7.89 (modifications), 31.7.-30.8.89, 26.8.91-3.1.92, 13.12.93-22.2.94, 12.4.-5.9.95, and 15.5.-18.6.97. Last flight 3.11.1998.

XS-models


DK-201
Delivered to FAF 4.9.1974. Under maintenance 27.12.77-30.6.78, 19.9.80-22.6.81 (new navigation avionics installation), 4.8.-9.9.81 (modifications), 10-30.6.82 (part modification), 19.4.-9.9.83, 11.6.-10.12.85, 2.7.-13.11.87, 20.2.89-31.5.90 (modifications), 28.10.91-21.2.92, 8.8.-13.12.94 (modifications), 7.6.-14.10.96, and 16.3.-2.7.98. Last flight 16.5.2000.

DK-203
Delivered to FAF 10.6.1974. Under maintenance 27.2.-20.10.76, 10.8.78-6.7.79, 10.9.79-3.3.80 (new navigation avionics installation), 18.2.-4.11.82, 8.5.86-4.3.87, 17.5.88-27.6.89, 8.1.-25.6.91 (modifications), 6.8.-23.11.93 (modifications), 27.3.-4.7.95, 27.9.-3.12.96, 27.3.-9.7.98, and 14.1.-14.2.2000. Last flight 25.7.2000.

DK-205
Delivered to FAF 18.6.1974. Under maintenance 27.5.76-9.2.77, 1.4.-25.5.78 (research), 4.10.78-13.6.79, 2.10.80-26.2.81 (new navigation avionics), 25.3.-15.12.82, 28.5.-31.10.84, 24.6.86-18.3.87, 13.9.88-22.11.89, 4.3.-18.6.91, 8.2.-17.6.93 (modifications), 7.3.-14.6.95, and 9.12.96-2.4.97. Last flight 4.10.1999.

DK-207
Delivered to FAF 24.1.1975. Under maintenance 23.3.-22.12.77, 4.4.-5.5.78 (research), 22.10.79-26.6.80, 7.1.-12.10.82, 30.1.-15.5.84, 10.3.-4.7.86, 26.10.87-26.2.88, 1.6.89-5.12.90 (modifications), 18.2.-15.3.91 (radio equipment mod), 26.8.-6.9.91, 4.8.-19.8.92, 8.4.-27.8.91 (modifications), 3.-8.9.93, 5.1.-3.4.95, 4.9.-9.12.96, 4.8.-17.11.98, and 18.10.-5.11.99. Last flight 24.8.2000.

DK-209
Delivered to FAF 21.2.1975. Under maintenance 5.5.-2.6.78, 19.3.80-29.1.81 (modifications), 6.2.82-11.2.83 (modifications), 5.10.84-19.3.85, 25.3.-22.10.87, 9.5.89-4.10.90 (modifications), 25.6.-21.8.91, 4.3.-12.6.92, 4.3.-30.6.94 (modifications), 11.9.-7.12.95, and 4.8.-23.10.97. Last flight 18.8.2000.

DK-211
Delivered to FAF 27.3.1975. Under maintenance 19.8.76-2.5.77, 12.5.-6.7.77, 5.-29.6.78, 5.9.-23.10.78, 9.3.-6.7.79, 12.10.82-30.6.83 (modifications), 3.4.-26.6.85, 4.2.87-16.8.88 (modifications), 12.6.-26.10.90, 25.3.-10.4.91, 10.8.-21.12.92 (modifications), 26.5.-29.9.94 (modifications), 28.2.-12.6.96, and 10.3.-29.5.98. Last flight 3.1.2000.

DK-213
Delivered to FAF 7.10.1975. Under maintenance 4.4.-26.9.78, 11.2.-15.9.81 (new navigation avionics), 20.6.83-30.1.84 (modifications), 3.1.-27.5.86 (modifications), 4.9.90-3.1.91, 2.11.92-26.3.93 (modifications), 17-30.6.93, 29.9.94-5.1.95, 22.3.-7.6.96, 19.1.-28.4.98, and 8.6.-29.6.98. Last flight 23.5.2000.

DK-215
Delivered to FAF 28.10.1975. Under maintenance 25.1.-19.4.78, 15.8.79-5.3.80, 5.10.81-6.7.82 (new navigation avionics), 27.10.83-21.3.84, 27.8.85-12.3.86, 5.10.87-23.12.88 (modifications), 19.3-9.11.90, 14.9.92-2.2.93 (modifications), 7.10.94-17.1.95 (modifications), 12-14.8.96, 14.8.-2.10.98. Last flight 16.8.2000.

DK-217
Delivered to FAF 30.5.1975. Under maintenance 25.6.79-28.1.80, 13.4.-24.8.81 (new navigation avionics), 15.9.82-7.3.83 (modifications), 6.9.84-8.2.85, 8.10.86-10.6.87, 17.11.88-23.1.90 (modifications), 5.8.-12.11.91, 25.10.93-25.2.94, 9.8.-31.10.95, and 2.6.-19.9.97. Last flight 2.6.1999.

DK-219
Delivered to FAF 19.8.1975. Under maintenance 12.6.78-12.3.79, 20.11.80-11.5.81 (new navigation avionics), 1.2.-8.7.83 (modifications), 13.8.85-21.1.86, 6.8.-18.12.87, 3.4.89-29.6.90 (modifications), 6.6.-24.6.91, 31.3.-11.9.92 (modifications), 29.4.-19.9.94 (modifications), 19.12.95-13.3.96, 27.11.-16.12.96, 9.12.97-3.4.98, and 21.12.99-17.1.2000. Last flight 16.8.2000.

DK-221
Delivered to FAF 22.10.1975. Under maintenance 22.8.77-13.3.78, 25.5.-15.6.78, 6.9.79-29.4.80, 14.8.71-24.3.82 (new navigation avionics), 22.6.83-9.5.84, 7.8.-18.12.85, 28.4.87-14.10.88 (modifications), 19.2.-29.6.90, 21.1.-13.4.92, 4.2.-26.5.94 (modifications), 8.21.95-28.2.96, and 19.9.97-28.1.98. Last flight 24.8.2000.

DK-223 "Kreivi von Rosen" / "Count von Rosen"
Delivered to FAF 8.1.1976. Under maintenance 20.9.77-9.6.78. 16.6.80-24.2.81 (new navigation avionics), 13.10.82-18.5.83 (modifications), 17.12.84-29.4.85, 13.3.-8.7.87, 18.1.89-28.2.90 (modifications), 21.8.-20.12.91, 4.1.-29.4.94 (modifications), 2.8.-3.10.95, 17.3.-5.6.97, and 16.9.-30.12.98. Last flight 23.8.2000.


Sources:
A Compendium of Armaments and Military Hardware By Christopher Chant
Swedish Wikipedia
Lohikäärmeen aika 1972-2000 Draken Suomessa
Saab 35 Draken in Finnish Air Force, Suomen Ilmavoimien lentokoneet 3 by Jyrki Laukkanen.
http://www.aef.se/flygvapnet/notiser/Sidewinder.htm
http://www.ausairpower.net/Falcon-Evolution.html
http://www.x-plane.org/home/urf/aviation/text/missiles/aam.html
http://www.designation-systems.net/dusrm/m-4.html
http://www.robotmuseum.se/
http://www.aef.se/Avionik/Notiser/Siktesradar%20PS-01-011A.htm
http://www.aef.se/Avionik/Notiser/Hawee%201%20Notis%201.htm
http://www.aef.se/Avionik/Notiser/Hawee%201%20%20Notis%202.htm
http://www.aef.se/Avionik/Notiser/Hawee%202%20%20Notis%201.htm
http://www.aef.se/Avionik/Notiser/Hawee%202%20%20Notis%202.htm
http://articles.janes.com/articles/Janes-Air-Launched-Weapons/M70-rocket-system-Sweden.html
Draken ground crew manuals for Finnish Air Force
RB4S maintenance manual for Finnish Air Force

Copyright:
Pictures & text CC0 Tuomo Kalliokoski

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